Marker costume

Men’s costume:
The men and boys from Marken earned their living with fishing. Their clothes had to leave their legs and feet free to move, but at the same time warm and water and windproof. For this reason the trouser are loose-fitting, so the wind can blow them dry quickly. The waist is kept warm by a kind of red corset made of madder, which is referred to as the ‘gezondheid’ (the health). The smocks have embroidered collars with right beside the buttonholes the initials of the wearer and that of their father’s.

A red checked cloth is tied around the collar:  the ‘doki’. Dangling from it are little pompons knotted from string which we call ‘akertjes’. Each little pompon consists of about 276 little knots.

Women’s costume:
The everyday dress of the women of Marken is made up of a white cotton smock with sleeves striped in red, white and black cotton. The smock is referred to as ‘de mouwen’ (the sleeves) because you can only see the smock’s sleeves. A flower patterned boned garment ‘het middelde’, a kind of corset, is worn on top of  ‘the sleeves’. This corset is finished off with a bolero-like garment (‘voorpanden’) of which the front is red and the back is made of blue, green or purple coloured silk. When in mourning the sleeves of the smock are striped in black and white, the ‘bauw’ is black, the colours of the corset much more subdued and the back of the bolero is of a dark green.

Across the chest a rectangular, coloured piece of cotton cloth (‘bauw’) is pinned on to the bolero. A multicoloured underskirt is worn underneath the black woollen top skirt. Inside the house it is worn together with a white apron and outside with a blue one known as the ‘boezel’ (the so called ‘kerre blauwtje’). At the top end it has a checked little piece (the ‘stikkie’) in a vivid colour. On Marken the people lived in cramped houses and had to share a couple of rooms with the entire family. For this reason the apron was neatly folded into a tiny little bundle and kept in a little box. On the apron you can clearly see the impressions of the folds as little squares on the apron.

In the old days the dress was topped off with a bonnet made up of twelve separate pieces, the so called large cap. The Pierewaaiers are wearing a girl’s cap which consists of seven pieces and kept in place by pins.

(Source: the people of Marken and the Zuiderzee Museum)