Maas and Waal costume

Costume from the Maas and Waal region

Around 1900 this costume was worn in the area between the rivers Maas and Waal; roughly the area between Nijmegen and Heerewaarden.

The costume’s design is based on authentic museum pieces in cooperation with Mrs Wies M. Berris-Visschers of TWEESTROMENLAND, the historical society for the Land of Maas and Waal and the Region of Nijmegen-West.

The women’s Maas and Waal costume is made up of a lace bonnet, a smock, a black woollen skirt, an apron, a petticoat and drawers which in the old days consisted of two separate legs, thus leaving the crutch open. In those days the women had to walk from Druten to Nijmegen to go to the market, which was quite a trip. Before arriving in the city they could relieve themselves by simply crouching down a bit.

In winter time the women wore black woollen, checked, or cashmere shawls. The more well-to-do women could afford themselves a pelerine; a short cape.

The bonnets as well came in various forms: from the ordinary work bonnet or underbonnet to the lace bonnet which could be additionally adorned by a ‘poffer’ by the women who were much better-off. The ‘poffer’ is a band decorated with flowers, tulle, lace and rosettes, trimmed with two broad ribbons on both sides which hung down at the back.

The men wear a white shirt, a black woollen cap, a pair of trousers fastened with a flap in front and held up by braces. Often worn with a black waistcoat.